Grow Large and Tall Houseplants
Large and tall plants provide a great way to add sheer presence and height to your indoors. While smaller plants accessorize your interior, it’s large plants that make a statement and add life to a space.
Indoor trees may seem challenging to grow, but they are actually not that fussy. The dracaenas like corn plant (D. fragrans), ‘Janet Craig’ (D. deremensis) and D. Marginata thrive in most homes. Other easy-to-grow large floor plants include weeping fig (Ficus benjamina), umbrella plant (Schefflera), split-leaf philodendron (Monstera deliciosa), various palms, rubber tree (Ficus elastica) and fiddle-leaf fig (Ficus lyrata).
To have luck growing tall indoor timber, keep the following tips in mind.
Choose indoor trees wisely
Most tall and large houseplants take years to grow that way. For that reason, they can be costly when you buy them full-grown. That means it’s important to choose healthy plants in the first place.
Transport indoor trees with caution
Irreversible damage can be done to a large houseplant in transit. Avoid transporting tall houseplants in uncovered vehicles, as this will lead to wind damage. Lay the plant on its side for transporting and always lift by the container. Never grasp a plant by its trunk, as this can lead to fatal breakage of the trunk from the roots.
Tall and large indoor plants will eventually outgrow the space in your home. Prevent this from happening too quickly by fertilizing just once or twice a year with a half-strength solution of an organic fertilizer.
Root prune and repot
One solution to the dilemma of a plant outgrowing your home is to remove the plant from the container; prune the roots back by one-third and repot with fresh soil in the same pot. This will tend to keep the plant healthy, yet at the same height and size.
Air-layer indoor trees
If a tall plant does outgrow your house but you don’t want to remove it, try air-layering. This involves partially cutting the main stem of the plant at a spot that creates a desirable height for the plant. Once roots form at that spot, you remove the cutting at that point. This results in a whole new plant, and the original plant is at a good height for your home.
Because tall and large floor plants tend to stay put for watering, it’s a good idea to leach out toxic salt buildup once a year. To do this, run extra water through the pot to rinse the soil. Either move the plant outdoors or into the bathtub or rinse until the drainage saucer is full. Then remove the excess water with a turkey baster once leaching is complete.
Provide adequate clearance
For large plants that tend to spread, such as split-leaf philodendron, make sure to provide adequate clearance. Plant leaves that are continuously brushed when people walk by will become damaged.